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NEWS SERVICES DIVISION

Living up to its nobleideals of “Bahujan Hitaya, Bahujan Sukhaya”, the News Services Division (NSD)of AIR strives to provide news and views to every dweller in this vast countryin varied terrains, 24X7, in all major languages and dialects, while adheringto highest professional ethics and standards in Radio Broadcasting.

SET UP OF NSD

The News Services Division is headed by a Director General (News),who is one of the senior most officers of the Indian InformationService. He is assisted by a team of Additional Directors General(News), Directors (News) and Joint Directors (News), Deputy Directors (News),Asstt. Directors (News), News Editors and Reporters etc. The differentoperational wings of NSD at headquarters in Delhi include: GeneralNews Room, Hindi News Room, Reporting Unit, Talks and Current Affairs Unit,Newsreel Unit, Indian Language Units, Reference and PP&D Unit, IT &Website unit and Administrative Wing. The Regional News Units invarious States are headed by an officer of the rank of Director or DeputyDirector/Assistant Director and assisted by News Editors, Reporters andNewsreaders-cum-Translators.

EARLY HISTORY

The history of news broadcasting in India ismuch older than that of All India Radio. The first news bulletin in thecountry went on the air from the Bombay Station on July 23, 1927 under aprivate company, the Indian Broadcasting Company. A month lateron August 26, 1927 another bulletin in Bengali was started from theCalcutta Station. Until 1935, two bulletins, one each in English andHindustani were broadcast from Bombay and a bulletin in Bengali wasbroadcast from Calcutta. The Indian Broadcasting Company wentinto liquidation in March, 1930 following which broadcasting came under thedirect control of the Government of India. The service wasdesignated as the Indian State Broadcasting Service. It was renamedAll India Radio on June 8, 1936.

DEVELOPEMENT

The real breakthrough in news broadcasting came afterJanuary 1936 when the first news bulletin from the Delhi Station went on theair on January 19, 1936 coinciding with the starting of itstransmission. Besides, news bulletins in English and Hindustani,talks on current affairs were also started from the Station in both thelanguages.

The Central News Organization was set upon August 1, 1937. Mr. Charles Barnes took charge as the firstNews Editor in September and he later became the first Director ofNews. The outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 gave an impetusto the development of the Organization. The Monitoring Service wasset up in 1939 to monitor foreign broadcasts. In 1943, the ExternalBroadcast Unit was set up under the Director of News. By 1945, theCentral News Organization was handling news bulletins in different Indianlanguages as well as in the External Services. After Independence, newsbroadcasts of AIR grew both in quantity and quality. More emphasis waslaid on national and regional news bulletins.

SOURCE OF NEWS

The bulk of AIR news comes from its own Correspondentsspread all over the country. It has more than 81 regularCorrespondents in India and abroad at Colombo, Dhaka, Dubaiand Kathmandu. Apart from this, AIR has over 520 Part-time Correspondents basedat nearly all district headquarters. The PTCs are to meet therequirements of Doordarshan News also. NSD subscribes to the news wire agencies– UNI, PTI and their corresponding Hindi services – Univarta and Bhasha.

OUTPUT

  • 607bulletins daily in 92 languages/dialects.
  • Foreignlanguage bulletins in Arabic, Baluchi, Burmese, Dari, French, Indonesia, Persian, Pashtu, Russian, Sinhala, Swahili, Tibetan,Thai, Chinese etc.
  • Over60 hours of total daily broadcast of news bulletins and current affairsprograms
  • Specialbulletins/programmes during elections, budgets, sessions of parliament/statelegislatures
  • RadioPlus: News on Website, News on Social Media- Facebook, Twitter, Soundcloud,YouTube & Instagram.

NEWS BULLETINS

A. Totaldaily Broadcast duration of News Bulletins and News Based Programmes from NSDand RNUs
Bulletins Number of Bulletins Duration (daily in minutes) Language(s)/Dialects
Hourly Bulletins, Regional bulletins, External bulletins, FM headlines bulletins etc from NSD and RNUs. 607 3150 min
(52 hrs 30 min)
92
(NSD – 129)

(RNU – 478)
NSD: 846 min
(14 hrs 06 min)

RNUs: 2304 min
(38 hrs 24 min)
News based programmes- NSD HQ
(Approximate)
10-12 180 min
(03 hrs)
News based programmes- RNUs
(Approximate)
35-40 280 min
(04 hrs 40 min)
Total broadcast time from NSD RNUs 3610 min
(60 hrs 10 min)

B. Details of News Bulletins from NSD HQ.(Delhi)
News Bulletins News Bulletins Duration (daily in minutes) Language(s)/Dial//ects
Hourly Bulletins
(Home)
44 285 min English- 21 Hindi- 23
External Bulletins 15 117 min English- 10 Hindi- 05
Indian Language Bulletins
(Home and External)
23 212 min Nepali (04), Kashmiri (02), Sanskrit (02), Punjabi (04), Urdu (11)
Foreign Language Bulletins
(Overseas Services)
23 208 min Arabic (3), Baluchi (1), Burmese (1), Dari (2), French (1), Indonesia (1), Persian (3), Pashtu (3), Russian (1), Sinhala (2), Swahili (1), Tibetan (2), Thai (1), Chinese (1)
FM Headlines 24 24 min English, Hindi
Total (daily)-Bulletins 129 Bulletins 846 minutes
(14 hrs 06 min)
Total (daily)-News based programmes (Approximate) 10-12 180 min English, Hindi
Total daily broadcast time from NSD HQ 1026 minutes
(17 hrs 06 min)

C. Regional Bulletins

Regional news bulletins were introduced inthe early fifties. The first such news bulletins were broadcasted inApril, 1953 from Lucknow and Nagpur Stations. In 1954-55,Regional News Units were set upat Bombay, Madras and Calcutta. This went onsteadily and at present there are 46 Regional News Unitsfunctioning in different parts of the country. 478 newsbulletins in 77 regional languages/dialects including Englishand Hindi are being broadcast from RNUs for a duration of nearly38 hours. These include 255 headlines bulletins on FMand other frequencies.

Detailsof Bulletins and Current Affairs Programmes of RNUs
TotalNo. of RNUs - 46

News Bulletins:-
News Bulletins from RNU Number Duration (daily in minutes) Language(s)/Dialects
(a) Regional Bulletins 176 1339 77
(b) National bulletins 95 345 #Kannada, Telugu, and Sindhi * Assamese, Odia, Malayalam, Tamil, Marathi, Gujarati, Dogri, Arunachali (Hindi/English), Bangla, @Konkani
(c) FM Headlines 255 505 17
(d) External Bulletins in Indian Languages 12 115 Kannada, Tamil, Telugu, Malyalam, Gujarati, Sindhi and Bangla
Total (daily) 478 2304

Programme:-
News based progammes Number per year Duration (in hours) Language(s)/Dialects
(a) News Reel 2132 538 15
(b) District News Letter 5468 507 16
(c) News Commentary 2236 203 10
(d) Others 2884 458 17
Total (per year) 12720 1706
Total (per month) 1060 140
Total (daily)-News based programmes (Approximate) 35-40 4 hrs 40 min

NEWS BASED PROGRAMMES

During February 1936, talks on current topics wereintroduced for the first time in English. In September that year,talks on current topics in Hindustani were added. Later ‘Topics forToday’ and ‘Focus’ on matters of current interests were introduced on 26thOctober, 1962. In 1967, the programmes ''Topic for Today'' and''Focus'' were renamed as ''Spotlight and ''Current Affairs''.

News based programmes broadcast from NSD HQ.
Daily
S. No. Name of Programme Frequency Time of broadcast Duration Language Name of Channel
1 Spotlight Daily 2115-2130 hrs. 15 min English Rajdhani
2 News Analysis Daily 2115-2130 hrs. 15 min English FM Gold
3 Samayiki Daily 1935-1945 hrs. 10 min Hindi Indraprastha
4 Market Mantra Daily 1830-1900 hrs. 30 min Bilingual FM Gold
5 Sports Scan Daily 2030-2045 hrs. 15 min Bilingual FM Gold
6 Newsreel (Mon/Tue/Thu/Sat) /
Samachar Darshan (Wed/Fri/Sun)
Daily 2020-2030 hrs. 10 min English/Hindi Rajdhani
7 Press Comments Daily 1750-1755 hrs 05 min English Rajdhani
8 Parikarma
(News Magazine Programme)
Daily 1630-1700 hrs 30 min Bilingual FM Gold
9 Aaj Savere
(News Magazine Programme)
Daily 0730-0800 hrs. 30 min Bilingual FM Gold
10 Gulf Charcha Daily 2200-2205 hrs 05 min Hindi ESD Hindi Service
Weekly
11 Public Speak Monday 2130-2205 hrs 35 min Bilingual FM Gold
12 Vaad - Samvaad Tuesday 2145-2200 hrs 15 min Hindi FM Gold
13 Money Talk Tuesday 2130-2145 hrs. 15 min English FM Gold
14 Charcha ka Vishai hai Wednesday 2130-2200 hrs. 30 min Hindi Indraprastha/
FM Gold
15 Surkhiyon Mein Thursday 2145-2200 hrs. 15 min Hindi FM Gold
16 Country Wide Thursday 2130-2145 hrs. 15 min Bilingual FM Gold
17 Current Affairs Friday 2130-2200 hrs. 30 min English Rajdhani/
FM Gold
Total 320 min
(5 hrs 20 min)

COVERAGE OF PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS

The daily and weekly reviews of the proceedings inParliament during the sessions were introduced on February 14, 1961 inEnglish and Hindi. The daily review called ‘Today in Parliament’ inEnglish and ‘Sansad Sameeksha’ in Hindi has two parts, one on the proceedingsin the Lok Sabha and the other on those in the Rajya Sabha. The weeklyreview in English – ‘This week in Parliament’ and that in Hindi ‘ Is SaptahSansad Main’ – sums up the important highlights of the proceedings in bothHouses during the preceding week.

The broadcast of the daily and ‘Weekly Reviews’ of theproceedings of the State legislatures, when they are in session, were startedin 1971-72 in the respective regional languages. A review of the‘Proceedings of the Delhi Assembly’ was started from December 14, 1993.


RADIO NEWSREEL

Radio Newsreel was started on December 10,1955 both in English (Radio Newsreel) and Hindi (Samachar Darshan)from Delhi. Newsreel in English is broadcast on Monday,Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday while Samachar Darshan is broadcast onWednesday, Friday and Sunday. Some Regional News Units also put outregional Newsreels in the respective regionallanguages.


SOCIAL MEDIA

The NSD, AIR has been expanding its presence year after year,across various domains with the aim to disseminate news to the publicand reaching diverse cross sections of the society. NSD, AIR has embracednew technologies and practices, since last three years, to add to itstraditional platform and disseminate News and Discussion Programmes on NewMedia applications, including Social Media, as Radio.

Since three years, theNews Services Division has substantially increased its presence on the socialmedia viz Website, Facebook, Twitter, Soundcloud, YouTube & Instagramand has crossed major milestones in reaching out to audience far and wide.

Twitter Started in January, 2013
Over 1.81 million followers
Facebook Started in June, 2013
3.3 million followers on NSD facebook accounts
Website More than 34 million visits per month.
Sound Cloud Started in 2014
Over 16 thousand followers

LANGUAGES OF BULLETINS


Languages of News bulletins of EighthSchedule of Constitution of India: (Total Languages- 22)

Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri Gujarati,Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Maithili, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu.

Other Indian Languages Bulletins: (TotalLanguages- 5)

Bhojpuri,Chhattisgarhi, English, Ladakhi, Rajasthani.

Bulletins in Dialects : (Total Dialects- 51)

Angami, Adi,Adi(Galo), Apatani, Ao, Balti, Bhojpuri, Bhutia, Chakhesang, Chang, Dimasa, Garo, Gojri, Hmar, Ho, Idu, Jaintia,Kabui, Karbi, Khasi, Khampti, Khiamnugan, Konyak, Kokborok, Kuki, Kurukh,Lepcha, Lotha, Mao, Miju Mishmi Wancho, Mundari, Mizo, Nagamese, Nagpuri, Nocte, Nyshi, Paite, Pahari,Phom, Purgee, Rengma, Sangtam, Sambalpuri, Sema, Thadou, Tangkhul, Tangin,Tangsa, Tulu, Yimchungru, Zeilang.

Bulletinsin Foreign Languages: (Total Languages- 14)

Arabic, Baluchi, Burmese, Chinese,Dari, French, Indonesia, Persian, Pashto, Russian, Sinhala, Swahili, Tibetan,Thai.

News Schedule
Schedule of daily newsbulletins from Delhi alongwith their channel of broadcast
ENGLISH
S. No. Time (Hrs.) Duration Channel
1. 0000-0005 05 min Rajdhani/FM Gold
2. 0105-0110 05 min National (MW)
3. 0200-0205 05 min FM Gold
4. 0305-0310 05 min National (MW)
5. 0400-0405 05 min FM Gold
6. 0505-0510 05 min National (MW)
7. 0605-0610 05 min Rajdhani/FM Gold
8. 0815-0830 15 min Rajdhani/FM Gold
9. 0905-0910 05 min Rajdhani
10. 1005-1010 05 min Rajdhani
11. 1200-1205 05 min Indraprastha/FM Gold
12. 1300-1305 05 min Rajdhani/FM Gold
13. 1400-1415 15 min Rajdhani/FM Gold
14. 1500-1505 05 min FM Gold
15. 1600-1605 05 min Rajdhani/ FM Gold
16. 1705-1710 05 min Rajdhani
17. 1800-1805 05 min Rajdhani
18. 2000-2005 05 min RN
19. 2005-2010 05 min (Sports) RN
20. 2100-2115 15 min Rajdhani/FM Gold
21. 2300-2305 05 min Rajdhani
Total 21 Bulletins 135 min
(02 hours 15 min)

HINDI
S. No. Time (Hrs.) Duration Channel
1. 0005-0010 05 min Indraprastha/FM Gold
2. 0100-0105 05 min FM Gold
3. 0205-0210 05 min National (MW)
4. 0300-0305 05 min FM Gold
5. 0405-0410 05 min National (MW)
6. 0500-0505 05 min FM Gold
7. 0600-0605 05 min Indraprastha/FM Gold
8. 0700-0705 05 min Indraprastha/FM Gold
9. 0800-0815 15 min Indraprastha/ FM Gold
10. 0900-0905 05 min Indraprastha
11. 1000-1005 05 min Indraprastha
12. 1100-1105 05 min Indraprastha/FM Gold
13. 1205-1210 05 min FM Gold
14. 1305-1310 05 min Indraprastha
15. 1415-1430 15 min Indraprastha/FM Gold
16. 1700-1705 05 min Indraprastha
17. 1805-1810 05 min Indraprastha
18. 1900-1905 05 min Indraprastha
19. 1905-1910 05min (Sports) FM Gold
20. 1950-2000 10 min *(Pradeshik) Indraprastha
21. 2045-2100 15 min Indraprastha
22. 2200-2205 05 min FM Gold
23. 2305-2310 05 min Indraprastha
Total 23 Bulletins 150 min
(02 hours 30 minutes)


Indian Languages Bulletins from NSD, HQ.
Sr. No. Unit No. of bulletins Bulletins Duration Total Broadcast Time
1 NEPALI 4 0750-0800 10 min (ext) 40 min
1230-1240 10 min (ext)
1925-1935 10 min
1950-2000 10 min (ext)
2 KASHMIRI 2 0745-0755 10 min 25 min
1825-1840 15 min
3 SANSKRIT 2 0655-0700 5 min 10 min
1810-1815 5 min
4 PUNJABI 4 0830-0840 10 min 35 min
1340-1350 10 min
1840-1845 05 min (ext)
1930-1940 10 min
5 URDU 11 0615-0625 10 min (ext) 102 min
(1 Hour 42 min)
0850-0905 15 min
0930-0933 03 min (ext)
1350-1400 10 min
1402-1407 05 min (ext)
1650-1700 10 min (ext)
2000-2010 10 min (ext)
2116-2130 14 min
2145-2155 10 min (ext)
2300-2310 10 min (ext)
0055-0100 05 min (ext)
Total 23 bulletins 212 min
(3 hrs 32 min)
* Haj Bulletin of 05 minutes duration is alsobroadcast during Haj period for two months (1110-1115).

Details of External English News Bulletins broadcastby NSD HQ (English)
Sr. No. Time Duration
1. 0600-0605 05 min
2. 1530-1540 10 min
3. 1625-1627 02 min
4. 1900-1910 10 min
5. 2025-2030 05 min
6. 2330-2340 10 min
7. 0030-0035 05 min
8. 0230-0235 05 min
9. 0330-0340 10 min
10. 0430-0440 10 min
Total 10 Bulletins 72 min
(1 hour 12 min)
* SAARC bulletin of 5minutes duration is broadcast on Sunday only from 2030-2035 hrs.

Details of External Hindi News Bulletins broadcast by NSD HQ (Hindi)
Sr. No. Time Duration
1. 0130-0140 10 min
2. 0435-0445 10 min
3. 0850-0900 10 min
4. 1035-1040 05 min
5. 2150-2200 10 min
Total 05 Bulletins 45 min


Foreign Language Bulletins which are compiled by NSD, AIR in English andbroadcast by ESD, AIR
Sr. No. Language Time Duration
1. Arabic 1020-1030
1755-1759 (News Briefs)
0110-0114 (News Briefs)
10 min
04 min
04 min
2. Baluchi 2032-2040 08 min
3. Burmese 1746-1756 10 min
4. Chinese 1745-1755 10 min
5. Dari 0835-0845
1846-1855
10 min
09 min
6. French 0120-0130 10 min
7. Indonesia 1416-1425 09 min
8. Persian 0935-0945
2150-2200
2255-2259 (News Flash)
10 min
10 min
04 min
9. Pushtu 0750-8000
1950-2000
2055-2059 (News Flash)
10 min
10 min
04 min
10. Russian 2200-2217 17 min
11. Sinhala 1905 – 1915
2010 - 2015
10 min
05 min
12. Swahili 2110-2117 07 min
13. Thai 1650-1700 10 min
14. Tibetan 1800-1817
1845-1855
17 min
10 min
Total 23 Bulletins 208 min
(3 hours 28 min)

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Last Updated on 18/12/2018